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Published Papers


  1. Gauthey M, Capua M, Brent J, Finkelstein Y; Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Poisoning with Malicious or Criminal Intent: Characteristics and Outcome of Patients Presenting for Emergency Care. Clin Toxicol. 2019. DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2018.1546009. Click here for the publication


  1. Beauchamp GA, Carey JL, Adams T, Wier A, Colón MF, Cook M, Cannon R, Katz KD, Greenberg MR; Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Sex Differences in Poisonings Among Older Adults: An Analysis of the Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Registry, 2010 to 2016. Clin Ther. 2018;40:1366-1374.PMID:30072041
  2. Farrugia LA, Rhyee SH, Campleman SL, Judge B, Kao L, Pizon A, Porter L, Riederer AM, Wiegand T, Calello D, Wax PM, Brent J; Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Study Group. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry-the 2017 Annual Report. J Med Toxicol. 2018;14:182-211. PMID: 30094774. Click here for the publication
  3. Kleinschmidt K, Ruha AM, Campleman S, Brent J, Wax P. Acute adverse events associated with the administration of Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom within the North American Snakebite Registry. Clin Toxicol. 2018; 24:1-6. PMID: 29688079
  4. Gilley M, Brent J, Calello DP, Wax P, Finkelstein Y. Synthetic Cannabinoid Exposure in Adolescents Presenting for Emergency Care. Toxicology Investigators Consortium. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar 12. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001454. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29538266 


  1. Farrugia LA, Rhyee SH, Calello DP, Campleman SL, Riederer AM, Malashock HR, Pizon A, Wiegand T, Wax PM, Brent J. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry-the 2016 Experience. Toxicology Investigators Consortium Study Group. J Med Toxicol. 2017 Aug 1. 
  2. Finkelstein Y1, Goel G, Hutson JR, Armstrong J, Baum CR, Wax P, Brent J; Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Drug Misuse in Adolescents Presenting to the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017 Jul;33(7):451-456. 
  3. Heise CW, Malashock H, Brooks DE. A review of vilazodone exposures with focus on serotonin syndrome effects. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2017 Nov;55(9):1004-1007.
  4. Ho JH1, Leikin JB2,3, Dargan PI4,5, Archer JRH1,6, Wood DM1,6, Brent J7.Metal-on-Metal Hip Joint Prostheses: a Retrospective Case Series Investigating the        Association of Systemic Toxicity with Serum Cobalt and Chromium Concentrations. J Med Toxicol. 2017; 13:321-328. PMID: 28900863
  5. Monte AA, Calello DP, Gerona RR, Hamad E, Campleman SL, Brent J, Wax P, Carlson RG; ACMT Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Characteristics and Treatment of Patients with Clinical Illness Due to Synthetic Cannabinoid Inhalation Reported by Medical Toxicologists: A ToxIC Database Study. J Med Toxicol. 2017 Apr 10. PubMed PMID: 28397128.
  6. Rasimas JJ, Smolcic EE, Sinclair CM. Themes and trends in intentional self-poisoning: Perspectives from critical care toxicology. Psychiatry Res. 2017 Sep;255:304-313. PubMed PMID 28601000
  7. Ruha AM, Kleinschmidt KC, Greene S, Spyres MB, Brent J, Wax P, Padilla-Jones A, Campleman S; ToxIC Snakebite Study Group. The Epidemiology, Clinical Course, and Management of Snakebites in the North American Snakebite Registry. J Med Toxicol. 2017 Oct 3. PubMed PMID:28975491
  8. Spyres MB, Ruha AM, Kleinschmidt K, Vohra R, Smith E, Padilla-Jones A. Epidemiology and clinical outcomes of snakebite in the elderly: a ToxIC database study. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2017 Jul 13:1-5. PubMed PMID: 28703020


  1. Beauchamp, G. A., Hendrickson, R. G., Hatten, B. W., & Toxicology Investigators Consortium. Endotracheal Intubation for Toxicologic Exposures: A Retrospective Review of Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Cases. J Emerg Med. 2016; 51(4), 382-388.
  2. Farrugia LA, Rhyee SH, Campleman SL, Ruha AM, Weigand T, Wax PM, Brent J;Toxicology Investigators Consortium.. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry-the 2015 Experience. J Med Toxicol. 2016 Sep;12(3):224-47. PubMed PMID: 27517280; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4996797.
  3. Judge BS, Ouellette LM, VandenBerg M, Riley BD, Wax PM; On behalf of the ACMT Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Utilization of Observation Units for the Care of Poisoned Patients: Trends from the Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry. J Med Toxicol 2016;12:111-120. PMID: 26275996
  4. Riederer, A. M. Campleman Sl, Carlson RG, Boyer EW, Manini AF, Wax PM, Brent JA, Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). Acute Poisonings from Synthetic Cannabinoids—50 US Toxicology Investigators Consortium Registry Sites, 2010–2015. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2016;65(27);692–695. Click here for publication
  5. Spyres MB, Ruha AM, Seifert S, Onisko N, Padilla-Jones A, Smith EA. Occupational Snake Bites: a Prospective Case Series of Patients Reported to the ToxIC North American Snakebite Registry. J Med Toxicol. 2016 Dec;12(4):365-369. PubMed PMID: 27234295
  6. Wang GS, Levitan R, Wiegand TJ, Lowry J, et al. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) for Severe Toxicological Exposures: Review of the Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). J Med Toxicol. 2016 Mar; 12(1):95-9. doi: 10.1007/s13181-015-0486-8. Download PubMed abstract.


  1. Finkelstein Y, Goel G, Hutson JR, Armstrong J, Baum CR, et al. Drug Misuse in Adolescents Presenting to the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015. Download PubMed abstract
  2. Froberg BA, Levine M, Beuhler MC, Judge BS, et al. Acute Methylenedioxypyrovalerone Toxicity. J Med Tox. 2015 Jun;11(2):185-94. Download PubMed abstract
  3. Rhyee SH, Farrugia L, Campleman SL, et al. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry—the 2014 Experience. J Med Tox. 2015. Download PubMed abstract.
  4. Smith SW, Farmer BM. Toxicology in the Service of Patient and Medication Safety: a Selected Glance at Past and Present Innovations. J Med Tox. 2015 Jun;11(2):245-252.
  5. Watkins JW, Schwarz ES, Arroyo-Plasencia AM, Mullins ME. The Use of Physostigmine by Toxicologists in Anticholinergic Toxicity. J Med Tox. 2015 Jun;11(2):179-84. Download PubMed abstract.
  6. Zelner I, Matlow J, Hutson JR, Wax P, et al. Acute Poisoning During Pregnancy: Observations from the Toxicology Investigators Consortium. J Med Tox. 2015 Sep;11(3):301-8. Download PubMed abstract


  1. Rhyee S, Farrugia L, Wiegand T, Smith EA, Wax PM, Brent J. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry—the 2013 Experience. J Med Tox. 2014 Dec;10(4):342-59. Download PubMed abstract. 


  1. Finkelstein Y, Hutson JR, Freedman SB, Wax PM, Brent J. Drug-induced seizures in children and adolescents presenting for emergency care: current and emerging trends. Clin Toxicol 2013;51:761-6. Download PubMed abstract.
  2. Wiegand TJ, Wax PM, Smith E, Hart K, Brent J. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry—The 2012 Experience. J Med Tox. 2013. Dec;9(4):380-404. Download PubMed abstract.


  1. Finkelstein Y, Hutson JR, Wax PM, Brent J. Toxico-Surveillance of Infant and Toddler Poisonings in the United States. J Med Tox. 2012;8:263-6. Download PubMed abstract.
  2. Geib AJ, Liebelt E, Manini AF; Toxicology Investigators’ Consortium (ToxIC). Clinical experience with intravenous lipid emulsion for drug-induced cardiovascular collapse. J Med Toxicol. 2012 Mar;8(1):10-4.
  3. Wiegand TJ, Wax PM, Schwartz T, Finkelstein Y, Gorodetsky R, Brent J, The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry—The 2011 Experience. J Med Tox. 2012;8:360-77. Download PubMed abstract.


  1. Brent J, Wax PM, Schwartz T, Kleinschmidt KC, Engebretsen K, Beuhler M. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry—The 2010 Experience. J Med Tox. 2011 Dec 7(4):266-76. Download PubMed abstract
  2. Wax PM, Kleinschmidt KC, Brent J. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Registry. J Med Tox. 2011 Dec 7(4):259-65. Download PubMed abstract.